Gwamnatin tarayya ta kaddamar da shirin raya kasa wanda zai fitar da ‘yan Najeriya miliyan dari daga talauci ta hanyar zuba jarin Naira tiriliyan 348.7 (N348.7tn).

A ranar Larabar da ta gabata ne majalisar zartaswa ta kasa (FEC) karkashin jagorancin mataimakin shugaban kasa Yemi Osinbajo, ta kaddamar da shirin raya kasa na tsawon shekaru biyar, wanda gwamnatin ta ce zai yi nasara kan shirinta na farfado da tattalin arzikin kasa, wanda zai kare a wata mai zuwa.

Da take karin haske ga manema labarai jim kadan bayan kammala taron FEC, Ministar Kudi, Kasafin Kudi da Tsare-tsare ta Kasa, Dakta Zainab Ahmed, ta ce an tsara shirin ne a kan abubuwa guda shida kuma wadannan dabaru sun hada da bunkasar tattalin arziki da ci gaban kasa, samar da ababen more rayuwa, gudanar da harkokin gwamnati, bunkasar jarin dan Adam, zamantakewa ci gaba da ci gaban yanki. Tsarin yana aiwatar da matsakaicin ci gaban GDP na kashi biyar cikin ɗari. An far shirin ne don samun girman jarin N348.7tn a cikin shekaru biyar.”

Ahmed

ya kara da cewa, kamfanoni masu zaman kansu za su bayar da kashi 85.7% (N298.3tn) na kudaden, yayin da gwamnatin tarayya da jihohi za su bayar da kashi 14.3% (N49.7tn).

Wannan sabon tsarin ci gaban kasa ga Najeriya ya burge mu. Tsare-tsare na ci gaba shiri da aka ƙurkira don kawo sauye-sauye masu ɗorewa ga tattalin arziƙin a wuraren da aka zaɓa.

Haka kuma, tsare-tsare na ci gaba sun yi tasiri sosai wajen inganta ci gaban tattalin arziki a kasashe da dama.

Nijeriya, musamman, tana da tarihin ci gaba mai tsawo da azabtarwa, wanda ya fara da tsarin ci gaba da jin dadi na shekaru goma na mulkin mallaka (1946-56). Bayan samun ‘yancin kai, gwamnatocin da suka shude sun tsara tare da aiwatar da tsare-tsaren ci gaban kasa guda hudu a tsakanin 1962-1968, 1970-1974, 1975-1980, da 1981-1985. A tsakiyar shekarun 1980, gwamnatin tarayya ta yi watsi da wasu tsare-tsare na matsakaicin zango na shekaru 5 na baya-bayan nan, ta hanyar yin amfani da tsare-tsare na shekaru uku na tsawon lokaci.

Wannan dabarar tsare-tsare ta dogon lokaci ta koma cikin shirin bunkasa tattalin arzikin kasa na shekarar 2010 a karkashin Janar Sani Abacha, wanda kuma ya koma cikin shirin Vision 20:2020 na tsohon shugaban kasa Goodluck Jonathan. Lokacin da aka kaddamar da shi a shekarar 2010, shirin Vision 2020 ya yi niyya ne musamman domin Najeriya ta zama daya daga cikin kasashe ashirin masu karfin tattalin arziki a duniya nan da bara.

Tsakanin wadannan tsare-tsare na matsakaita zuwa dogon zango, gwamnatocin da suka shude a Najeriya ma sun bayyana tsare-tsaren bunkasa tattalin arziki na gajeren lokaci, kamar tsarin daidaita tsarin mulki (SAP) karkashin Janar Ibrahim Babangida, National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS), Marigayi Shugaba Yar’ Shirin Adua mai ajendodi guda 7, da kuma shirin farfado da tattalin arzikin da gwamnatin Buhari ya kara yi a yanzu.

Ƙididdiga guda uku suna gudanar da duk waɗannan dumbin tsare-tsaren ci gaban Najeriya. Na farko, sabuwar gwamnati za ta yi watsi da tsare-tsare na baya ko na yanzu, ta tsara nata shirin, sau da yawa bayan gagarumin muhawarar jama’a. Na biyu, kusan dukkanin tsare-tsaren ci gaban Najeriya sun kasance suna da manufa iri daya na gina jarin dan Adam, inganta saurin bunkasar tattalin arziki, bunkasa ababen more rayuwa, fadada kamfanoni masu zaman kansu a fannin tattalin arziki, da dai sauransu. Na uku, tsare-tsare na ci gaban Najeriya, ya zuwa yanzu, an nuna shi da rashin tsarin tsare-tsare, karkatar da abubuwan da suka sa a gaba, cin hanci da rashawa da kuma rashin ingantaccen hadin gwiwa tsakanin gwamnati da kamfanoni. Don haka, ba abin mamaki ba ne cewa dukansu sun kasa ba da sakamakon da ake so.

Har yanzu dai babu wanda ya san ko sabon shirin na Buhari zai bi ta wasu. Amma mun lura da bambance-bambance masu mahimmanci guda biyu tsakanin wannan sabon shirin da tsare-tsaren da suka gabata. Na farko shine sikelin jarin da aka yi niyya a cikin sabon shirin. Zuba jarin kusan N350tn (kimanin dala biliyan 850) a cikin shekaru biyar zai kara yawan arzikin cikin gida na Najeriya (GDP) zuwa kusan dalar Amurka tiriliyan 1.3 – GDPn mu na yanzu na kusan dala biliyan 440 – a daidai wannan lokacin. Wannan sabon shirin kuma ya wuce abin da ake kira haɗin gwiwar jama’a da masu zaman kansu na sabbin tsare-tsare na kwanan nan, kuma yana sa ran kamfanoni masu zaman kansu za su jagorance su cikin yanke shawara.

Don haka shirin gwamnati na ci gaban ƙasa yana da ban sha’awa. Shi ne kawai mafi girman shirin bunkasa tattalin arziki wanda har yanzu ake tunanin Najeriya. Idan aka aiwatar da shi cikin aminci, tana da yuwuwar samar da dubun-dubatar sabbin ayyukan yi, da fitar da ‘yan Nijeriya sama da miliyan dari daga kangin talauci, da kuma sauya fasalin tattalin arzikin kasar, watakila har abada. Wannan, a taƙaice, wani canji ne ga Nijeriya da kuma gagarumin sauyi daga matakan manufofin tattalin arziki na yau da kullum da ke da alaƙa da wannan da duk gwamnatocin baya a baya. Don haka muna goyon bayan sabon tsarin bisa manufa, muna kuma yaba wa gwamnati bisa mafarkin da ta yi a wannan lokaci wajen bunkasa tattalin arzikin kasa.

Duk da haka, da yawa game da wannan shirin zai damun ‘yan Najeriya da yawa masu hankali. Na farko, har yanzu ba a fayyace ba ko gwamnati na da wani shiri mai ma’ana ko kuma tana bayyana wani niyya ne kawai. Gaskiya ne cewa an shafe watanni ana aikin shirye-shiryen shirin a tsakanin manyan masu ruwa da tsaki, ciki har da kundin tsarin mulki na 26 Technical Working Groups (TWGs) a farkon watan Agusta. Sai dai da kyar akasarin ’yan Najeriya ba su san da wannan shiri ba, balle a ce rawar da suke takawa a cikinsa. Tabbas, cikakkun bayanai game da shirin ci gaba dole ne a tsara su a cikin rubutaccen takarda, samuwa kyauta kuma a buɗe don binciken jama’a?

Yana da mahimmanci kuma, cewa gwamnati ta kasance a kan rancen rance daidai

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