Yara 185 ne ke mutuwa a Najeriya kowace rana sakamakon kamuwa da cutar huhu mai nasaba da gurbatar yanayi -UNICEF

Kusan yara 185 ‘yan kasa da shekaru biyar ne ke mutuwa a kowace rana sakamakon kamuwa da cutar huhu a Najeriya, kamar yadda asusun kula da kananan yara na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya UNICEF ya bayyana.

A daidai lokacin da duniya ke bikin ranar yaki da cutar huhu, UNICEF ta bayyana cewa Najeriya ce tafi kowacce kasa yawan mace-macen yara ‘yan kasa da shekaru biyar a duniya baki daya, sannan kuma ita ce tafi kowacce mace-mace a cikin gida a tsakanin yara ‘yan kasa da shekaru biyar. .

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Najeriya, kashi 78 cikin 100 na mace-mace masu alaka da gurbatar iska na cikin yara ‘yan kasa da shekaru biyar – mafi girman kaso a duk kasashe, a cewar Global Burden of Disease (GBD 2019).

Mutuwar yara ‘yan kasa da shekaru biyar a Najeriya sakamakon kamuwa da cutar huhu da ke da nasaba da gurbacewar iska ya kai 67,416 a shekarar 2019 yayin da yara ‘yan kasa da shekaru biyar suka mutu a gida sakamakon cutar huhu da ta shafi gida musamman 49,591, inji hukumar.

Peter Hawkins, wakilin UNICEF a Najeriya a cikin wata sanarwa a ranar Juma’a, ya ce yawancin yaran da ke kamuwa da gurbatar iska na cikin gida, ciki har da wadanda ke dafa abinci ta hanyar bude wuta ko tanda a cikin gida.

“Wannan abin takaici ne – ga iyalansu da kuma Najeriya – musamman saboda galibin wadannan mace-macen ana iya yin rigakafinsu.

Hawkins ya ce “Yana da matukar muhimmanci gwamnati ta bullo da tsare-tsare don rage manyan abubuwan da ke haifar da mutuwar ciwon huhu da ke da alaka da gurbatar iska a tsakanin ‘yan Najeriya – musamman yara, wadanda ke da rauni.”

“Daya daga cikin muhimman hanyoyin da za mu iya yin hakan ita ce, mu kara yawan magidantan Najeriya da ke da tsaftataccen mai da fasahohin girki, ta hanyar kara amfani da iskar LPG wajen dafa abinci da kuma taimaka wa iyalai su ba da kudin kashe wutar murhu mai tsafta da mai.”

“Dole ne mu haɓaka ayyukan bincike da magance cutar huhu, da inganta abinci mai gina jiki, ɗaukar alluran rigakafi, da yawan shayarwa – duk waɗannan suna inganta lafiyar yara da tsarin rigakafi, rage haɗarin yara na mutuwa daga ciwon huhu idan sun kamu da cutar,” in ji shi.

A cikin kasashe 17 a fadin Afirka, gurbacewar iska na taimaka wa fiye da kashi 50 cikin 100 na mace-macen ciwon huhu. Yawancin waɗannan mutuwar suna cikin yara kuma saboda gurɓataccen iska na gida – ta hanyar gurɓatacciyar iska a waje tana ƙaruwa, a cewar GBD.

A cewar UNICEF, ‘Kowane numfashi yana ƙididdige da gurɓacewar iska da Katin ciwon huhu 2021’, wanda aka fitar ranar Juma’a; Gurbacewar iska ta ba da gudummawar kashi 30 cikin 100 (749,200) na duk mace-macen cutar huhu a shekarar 2019; 56 bisa dari (422,800) daga gidaje da kashi 44 (326,400) daga waje;

Kashi 40 cikin 100 (304,200) na kamuwa da cutar huhu da ke da nasaba da gurɓacewar iska na cikin yara ‘yan ƙasa da shekaru biyar; Kashi 70 cikin 100 (210,400) daga gurbacewar iska ta gida. Kasashe 40 masu karamin karfi da matsakaita, ciki har da Najeriya, na da kashi 90 cikin 100 (656,400) na wadanda suka mutu sakamakon kamuwa da cutar huhu.

Indiya ce ke kan gaba a jadawalin da ke da yawan adadin mace-macen da ke da nasaba da gurbatar iska a duniya, inda Najeriya ta zo ta biyu.

Bakteriya, Virus ko Fungi ne ke haifar da ciwon huhu, kuma yana barin yara suna fama da numfashi yayin da huhunsu ya cika da macizai da ruwa. Cutar ita ce kan gaba wajen kashe yara a Najeriya, wanda ya yi sanadiyar mutuwar kashi 17 cikin 100 na yara ‘yan kasa da shekaru biyar.

Yawancin mutuwar ciwon huhu ana iya hana su da alluran rigakafi da kuma bi da su da ƙwayoyin cuta masu rahusa. Sai dai fiye da kashi 43 na yara ‘yan shekara daya a Najeriya ba sa yin allurar rigakafin cutar pneumococcal conjugate (PCV), kuma daya daga cikin yaran Najeriya hudu da ke fama da alamun ciwon huhu ba sa samun magani.

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